Although the term “Gothic” is most often applied to architectural structures, the Gothic style also included sculpture, painting, book miniature, costume, ornament and so
The origin of the term the Word comes from Italian.
gotico — unusual and barbaric — (Goten — barbarians;
the historical Goths, this style has nothing to do), and was initially used as a profanity.
For the first time the notion in the modern sense used by Giorgio Vasari in order to separate the Renaissance from the middle ages.
Gothic completed the development of European medieval art, which arose on the basis of the achievements of Roman culture and the Renaissance (Renaissance) art of the middle ages was considered “barbaric”.
Gothic art was a cult on purpose and religious topics.
It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.
Gothic in its development is divided into Early Gothic Period Continue reading
The Gothic quarter
This medieval quarter, with the most outstanding urban monuments, also called “Cathedral” (Barry de La seu), it has a more funny name “rovell de l OU” (egg yolk).
The quarter, located between the Cathedral and the town Hall, and partially surrounded by the bastions of the Roman walls, is probably the most attractive part of the city. In the beginning of XX century it was called “Gothic” . although the Gothic buildings have survived in other parts of the city. However, this is where the architectural ensemble of buildings stood in perfect harmony and deserved the most attention in this quarter was conducted a number of serious restoration work.
The quarter begins with the Plaza Nova, the oldest area of Barcelona, with which once it was possible to enter the territory of the Roman settlement “Barsine” and which in the XIII century was the most prosperous market town where they sold slaves as well. Here still two Roman towers that were part of the old city wall, which was the only protection of the city until the XIII century. To this period belongs the Bishop’s Palace (Palau Episcopal), which is located to the right of the Roman towers, thereby creating a striking contrast with the modern building of the College of Architects, the exterior frieze designed by Picasso.
Baroque facade of the XVIII century facing the Plaza Nova, should not mislead: actually, this is a very ancient Continue reading
In the middle of Europe, in England, is a huge stone structure, known worldwide as Stonehenge. This ancient architectural monument was built not by one step over 1600 years, approximately between 3500 – 1100 BC Stonehenge, translated from the old English language, means “suspended stones”. The purpose of this mysterious building to our time, is unknown.
The model of the ideal village Bekonscot
Stonehenge, which was built in the first place, was a circular moat, which had two rooms, under the assumptions here could be a cemetery. In a circle, placed a little more than 50 small “Aubrey holes” that were named in honor of the first researcher. It was also a huge Heel stone, which had a seven-meter height. In subsequent phases of the earth were built of the alley and the ring of the many boulders that had blue coloring. Now Stonehenge is presented to tourists as the construction, which includes 82 megaliths, weighing 5 tons each and also exactly 30 blocks of stone, twenty-five tons and 5 huge stones, which weigh about 50 tons. Large stone blocks were stacked in a certain order, represent the arches, that in the past, Continue reading