The origin and structure of the world


Mythology is the basis of all national cultures. If the process of development of any nation historically started recently and he does not have for its ancient mythology, he creates a modern. Myths contribute to the unity of the society, participate in the formation of people’s mentality through the persistence of certain stereotypes of thinking and behavior. Mythology is not just a fairy tale or a fantastic view, this is the generalized experience of life of ancestors, diffused and persisted through the images.

About mythical creatures the average reader knows almost nothing. In scientific and popular publications, especially Russian, Belarusian individual characters of myth are presented as common Slavic, does not specify their affiliation to the Belarusian culture.

Yes, the Belarusian mythology retains some common Slavic roots and individual characters, such as Perun, Yarila, Velez. But the myths of the Belarusians is much richer mythologies of our neighbors-the Slavs – Russians, Ukrainians, poles. They have more characters to choose from; many of such, which does not exist in the mythologies of the peoples named: Zyuzya, Balloting, Zatowka. About it in the nineteenth century spoke Belarusian scientists Z. Dalenge-chodakowski and A. Kirkor, who conducted a comparative analysis of the Belarusian mythology with the mythologies of the peoples-neighbours.

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