Buildings of ancient Rome.
And although Herbig ascribes his elevation the General democratization of the Greek society, in which moved first of few notable folk gods, we actually have no direct evidence to assume that the pan always remained the exclusive deity of the lower classes. On the contrary, associated with it philosophical speculations rather suggest the opposite.
Its history, however, is interesting because it reveals a possible path elevation forest pastoral бога1 to the extent of the great borosque, way, which, apparently, was also and Hermes-mercury 6. And he had sutileza in streams, and ib the groves, and the hills and he was honoured as the guardian of the harvest and herds, houses and the edge of the ditch and only later acquired a more General meaning and new functions.
Analysis of the development of ideas about forest deities, or spirits, gives huge material on ancient, medieval and modern Europe. Naturally, in the Christian world these spirits were not able to contact the gods.
Instead of the myths they lived in fairy tales, superstitions, legends is developed cult they were devoted to only certain rituals and feasts, sometimes merging with the Church.
But it is partly due to the fact that these spirits remain exclusively the property of the masses and never become great gods and objects philosophy Continue reading
Megaliths: the mystery of the stone giants
In Southeast Asia, North Africa, Spain, the coasts of France and England and in many other places towering strange construction of the huge boulders. Scientists call them megaliths. It’s a giant, roughly-worked blocks of stone weighing several hundred tons. The megaliths or standing separately from each other, and then they are called menhirs, or form complex structures – dolmens and cromlechs. Giant blocks are not fastened by any cementing substance, but they are so carefully fitted that they cannot put even the blade of a penknife. On the mystery of megaliths scientists struggle for a very long time, but the basic questions still remain unanswered.
It is noticed that the megaliths tend to be sea coasts, and the farther from the sea, the smaller buildings. The most famous megalithic monuments located near the French town of Carnac on the southern Brittany coast. The main attraction of Karnak is a huge megalith, bearing the name of St. Michael. According to researchers, this structure initially served as a burial vault. Later, the megalith was covered with earth, and the top formed on its hilltop location in the Middle ages the chapel was erected.
And to the North of the town of field is located at 2935 huge menhirs height Continue reading
The Gothic quarter
This medieval quarter, with the most outstanding urban monuments, also called “Cathedral” (Barry de La seu), it has a more funny name “rovell de l OU” (egg yolk).
The quarter, located between the Cathedral and the town Hall, and partially surrounded by the bastions of the Roman walls, is probably the most attractive part of the city. In the beginning of XX century it was called “Gothic” . although the Gothic buildings have survived in other parts of the city. However, this is where the architectural ensemble of buildings stood in perfect harmony and deserved the most attention in this quarter was conducted a number of serious restoration work.
The quarter begins with the Plaza Nova, the oldest area of Barcelona, with which once it was possible to enter the territory of the Roman settlement “Barsine” and which in the XIII century was the most prosperous market town where they sold slaves as well. Here still two Roman towers that were part of the old city wall, which was the only protection of the city until the XIII century. To this period belongs the Bishop’s Palace (Palau Episcopal), which is located to the right of the Roman towers, thereby creating a striking contrast with the modern building of the College of Architects, the exterior frieze designed by Picasso.
Baroque facade of the XVIII century facing the Plaza Nova, should not mislead: actually, this is a very ancient Continue reading