Although the term “Gothic” is most often applied to architectural structures, the Gothic style also included sculpture, painting, book miniature, costume, ornament and so
The origin of the term the Word comes from Italian.
gotico — unusual and barbaric — (Goten — barbarians;
the historical Goths, this style has nothing to do), and was initially used as a profanity.
For the first time the notion in the modern sense used by Giorgio Vasari in order to separate the Renaissance from the middle ages.
Gothic completed the development of European medieval art, which arose on the basis of the achievements of Roman culture and the Renaissance (Renaissance) art of the middle ages was considered “barbaric”.
Gothic art was a cult on purpose and religious topics.
It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.
Gothic in its development is divided into Early Gothic Period Continue reading
Megaliths: the mystery of the stone giants
In Southeast Asia, North Africa, Spain, the coasts of France and England and in many other places towering strange construction of the huge boulders. Scientists call them megaliths. It’s a giant, roughly-worked blocks of stone weighing several hundred tons. The megaliths or standing separately from each other, and then they are called menhirs, or form complex structures – dolmens and cromlechs. Giant blocks are not fastened by any cementing substance, but they are so carefully fitted that they cannot put even the blade of a penknife. On the mystery of megaliths scientists struggle for a very long time, but the basic questions still remain unanswered.
It is noticed that the megaliths tend to be sea coasts, and the farther from the sea, the smaller buildings. The most famous megalithic monuments located near the French town of Carnac on the southern Brittany coast. The main attraction of Karnak is a huge megalith, bearing the name of St. Michael. According to researchers, this structure initially served as a burial vault. Later, the megalith was covered with earth, and the top formed on its hilltop location in the Middle ages the chapel was erected.
And to the North of the town of field is located at 2935 huge menhirs height Continue reading
In the middle of Europe, in England, is a huge stone structure, known worldwide as Stonehenge. This ancient architectural monument was built not by one step over 1600 years, approximately between 3500 – 1100 BC Stonehenge, translated from the old English language, means “suspended stones”. The purpose of this mysterious building to our time, is unknown.
The model of the ideal village Bekonscot
Stonehenge, which was built in the first place, was a circular moat, which had two rooms, under the assumptions here could be a cemetery. In a circle, placed a little more than 50 small “Aubrey holes” that were named in honor of the first researcher. It was also a huge Heel stone, which had a seven-meter height. In subsequent phases of the earth were built of the alley and the ring of the many boulders that had blue coloring. Now Stonehenge is presented to tourists as the construction, which includes 82 megaliths, weighing 5 tons each and also exactly 30 blocks of stone, twenty-five tons and 5 huge stones, which weigh about 50 tons. Large stone blocks were stacked in a certain order, represent the arches, that in the past, Continue reading