CYCLOPS – in Greek mythology the one-eyed giant living in the cave. The legends about one-eyed giants exist in many Nations. About Cyclops all basically know thanks to the immortal Homer’s “the Odyssey”, in which brave Greek sailors were trapped on a desert island, we decided to spend the night in the cave and as a result found themselves captured by a one-eyed giant-the Cyclops Polyphemus. The easiest, of course, would be to assume a one-eyed giant fiction rich imagination of ancient people, which Homer wrote down the verses.
However, it is still serious evidence for the existence of Cyclops was found. As believed by some modern researchers, the emergence of the legend of the Cyclops was able to contribute. archaeological error. Greeks could be found in some cave on the island of Sicily, the skull of a mammoth (which is still found in Siberia). Large opening of the nasal cavity in the center of the skull could be taken as a single large orbit of the eye, and the relatively small real eye orbit on the sides of the skull would quite not pay attention [“VAW” 1997, N 5]. Today, scientists have information that several thousand years ago around the Mediterranean was inhabited by dwarf elephants, the size of the “one-eyed” of skulls which exceeded several times the human.
How could things be, really? Imagine a Hellenic shepherd Continue reading
Tavrida dolmens and places of power
In the immediate vicinity of the village of Gaspra (Big Yalta) is located a few Taurus dolmens . have been preserved since the 6th century BC . This is a very well-known but not fully explored. It is older than ten thousand years. Even younger than the Egyptian pyramids. Mossy slabs shrouded in mystery, so they are very different.
The first set of dolmens consists of four cameras, and next, 300 metres from the trail is another four-chamber complex of dolmens. Two secondary camera still not destroyed, survived even their covers.
The dolmen, or “stone boxes” are megalithic structures. Megaliths (from Greek Megas – large and lithos – stone) called the ancient structures of multi-ton, often carefully cut stone blocks. They are quite prevalent and famous in the world. In the traditional understanding there are several types: menhirs –single, stacked stone pillars, stone circles — circles of such stones.
It is still unknown the exact purpose of these structures. There is a version of religious and mystical purpose, that they play the role of a portal channel for communication with other spaces Continue reading
Buildings of ancient Rome.
And although Herbig ascribes his elevation the General democratization of the Greek society, in which moved first of few notable folk gods, we actually have no direct evidence to assume that the pan always remained the exclusive deity of the lower classes. On the contrary, associated with it philosophical speculations rather suggest the opposite.
Its history, however, is interesting because it reveals a possible path elevation forest pastoral бога1 to the extent of the great borosque, way, which, apparently, was also and Hermes-mercury 6. And he had sutileza in streams, and ib the groves, and the hills and he was honoured as the guardian of the harvest and herds, houses and the edge of the ditch and only later acquired a more General meaning and new functions.
Analysis of the development of ideas about forest deities, or spirits, gives huge material on ancient, medieval and modern Europe. Naturally, in the Christian world these spirits were not able to contact the gods.
Instead of the myths they lived in fairy tales, superstitions, legends is developed cult they were devoted to only certain rituals and feasts, sometimes merging with the Church.
But it is partly due to the fact that these spirits remain exclusively the property of the masses and never become great gods and objects philosophy Continue reading