CYCLOPS – in Greek mythology the one-eyed giant living in the cave. The legends about one-eyed giants exist in many Nations. About Cyclops all basically know thanks to the immortal Homer’s “the Odyssey”, in which brave Greek sailors were trapped on a desert island, we decided to spend the night in the cave and as a result found themselves captured by a one-eyed giant-the Cyclops Polyphemus. The easiest, of course, would be to assume a one-eyed giant fiction rich imagination of ancient people, which Homer wrote down the verses.
However, it is still serious evidence for the existence of Cyclops was found. As believed by some modern researchers, the emergence of the legend of the Cyclops was able to contribute. archaeological error. Greeks could be found in some cave on the island of Sicily, the skull of a mammoth (which is still found in Siberia). Large opening of the nasal cavity in the center of the skull could be taken as a single large orbit of the eye, and the relatively small real eye orbit on the sides of the skull would quite not pay attention [“VAW” 1997, N 5]. Today, scientists have information that several thousand years ago around the Mediterranean was inhabited by dwarf elephants, the size of the “one-eyed” of skulls which exceeded several times the human.
How could things be, really? Imagine a Hellenic shepherd Continue reading
Megaliths: the mystery of the stone giants
In Southeast Asia, North Africa, Spain, the coasts of France and England and in many other places towering strange construction of the huge boulders. Scientists call them megaliths. It’s a giant, roughly-worked blocks of stone weighing several hundred tons. The megaliths or standing separately from each other, and then they are called menhirs, or form complex structures – dolmens and cromlechs. Giant blocks are not fastened by any cementing substance, but they are so carefully fitted that they cannot put even the blade of a penknife. On the mystery of megaliths scientists struggle for a very long time, but the basic questions still remain unanswered.
It is noticed that the megaliths tend to be sea coasts, and the farther from the sea, the smaller buildings. The most famous megalithic monuments located near the French town of Carnac on the southern Brittany coast. The main attraction of Karnak is a huge megalith, bearing the name of St. Michael. According to researchers, this structure initially served as a burial vault. Later, the megalith was covered with earth, and the top formed on its hilltop location in the Middle ages the chapel was erected.
And to the North of the town of field is located at 2935 huge menhirs height Continue reading
The architecture of Ancient Greece is the architecture that was created by people who spoke the Greek language (Greek group of dialects), their culture flourished in mainland Greece and the Peloponnese, the Aegean Islands and in colonies in Asia Minor and Italy in the period from approx. 900 BC to I century ad the earliest remaining architectural works Dating to about 600 BC
Ancient Greek architecture is best known for its temples, many of which are located throughout the region, mostly as ruins but many of them have survived virtually intact. Another known type of buildings, Dating from the Hellenic world is the open – air theatre, the oldest of them were created about 350 BC Other surviving architectural forms: monumental arch (propylon), market square, and the place for popular assemblies (Agora), which was surrounded by a multi-tiered colonnade (Stoa), the town Council building (bouleuterion), the public monument, the monumental tomb (mausoleum) and the stadium.
Ancient Greek architecture is distinguished by its highly formalized characteristics in relation to both the structure and the decorations.
This is especially true in the case of temples where each Continue reading