Although the term “Gothic” is most often applied to architectural structures, the Gothic style also included sculpture, painting, book miniature, costume, ornament and so
The origin of the term the Word comes from Italian.
gotico — unusual and barbaric — (Goten — barbarians;
the historical Goths, this style has nothing to do), and was initially used as a profanity.
For the first time the notion in the modern sense used by Giorgio Vasari in order to separate the Renaissance from the middle ages.
Gothic completed the development of European medieval art, which arose on the basis of the achievements of Roman culture and the Renaissance (Renaissance) art of the middle ages was considered “barbaric”.
Gothic art was a cult on purpose and religious topics.
It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.
Gothic in its development is divided into Early Gothic Period Continue reading
The architecture of Ancient Greece is the architecture that was created by people who spoke the Greek language (Greek group of dialects), their culture flourished in mainland Greece and the Peloponnese, the Aegean Islands and in colonies in Asia Minor and Italy in the period from approx. 900 BC to I century ad the earliest remaining architectural works Dating to about 600 BC
Ancient Greek architecture is best known for its temples, many of which are located throughout the region, mostly as ruins but many of them have survived virtually intact. Another known type of buildings, Dating from the Hellenic world is the open – air theatre, the oldest of them were created about 350 BC Other surviving architectural forms: monumental arch (propylon), market square, and the place for popular assemblies (Agora), which was surrounded by a multi-tiered colonnade (Stoa), the town Council building (bouleuterion), the public monument, the monumental tomb (mausoleum) and the stadium.
Ancient Greek architecture is distinguished by its highly formalized characteristics in relation to both the structure and the decorations.
This is especially true in the case of temples where each Continue reading
The architecture of the Palace of Soviets (part 4 – the Ancient East has left us huge constructions. )
The ancient East has left us a huge buildings like pyramids, temples, palaces in which the forms that suppress human rights, has found its vivid expression of the social structure of ancient despotism, the system of slavery, a system of intimidation of human rights. Architectural ensembles and monumental buildings of Greek antiquity created by the ancient democracy of the heyday of the Athenian state. The Acropolis and its constituent temples, including the Parthenon, represented the brilliant examples of architecture, imbued with a deep sense of nature and man, thin plastics architectural and sculptural forms. These samples were studied the architecture of all subsequent centuries. These samples are of great interest and instructive to us.
However, even these architectural works of antiquity bear the features of the limited class, of which I have spoken. Ancient democracy was developed on the basis of the slave economy. Only a limited proportion of the people, the so-called free citizens of the ancient States, to participate in public life, create cultural values and use them. The nature of the social system of ancient Greece is reflected throughout the ancient culture.
More sharply this inner inherent limitations of classical culture, had an impact in Rome. Largest state Continue reading