Although the term “Gothic” is most often applied to architectural structures, the Gothic style also included sculpture, painting, book miniature, costume, ornament and so
The origin of the term the Word comes from Italian.
gotico — unusual and barbaric — (Goten — barbarians;
the historical Goths, this style has nothing to do), and was initially used as a profanity.
For the first time the notion in the modern sense used by Giorgio Vasari in order to separate the Renaissance from the middle ages.
Gothic completed the development of European medieval art, which arose on the basis of the achievements of Roman culture and the Renaissance (Renaissance) art of the middle ages was considered “barbaric”.
Gothic art was a cult on purpose and religious topics.
It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.
Gothic in its development is divided into Early Gothic Period Continue reading
Secrets of the Kaliningrad underground.
Germany offered to restore the USSR Kaliningrad in exchange for buried treasure.
In the building of the FSB in the region before the war was located Polizei-Presidium capital of East Prussia and the premises of the Gestapo.
In königsberg there were 12 large and three small Fort, and hundreds of concrete and brick shelters.
Many Kaliningraders still believe that there is a “underground Koenigsberg”. Supposedly the whole factories to the railway stations and kilometers of tunnels (leading up to Hitler’s in Poland “Wolfsan”) under the ancient city. Since the beginning of the 50s of the last century there is a legend that Germany offered the Soviet leadership to rebuild Kaliningrad in exchange for the treasures hidden in königsberg under the ground. Search the underground city is still occupied by dozens of enthusiasts.
Member of the Geographical society of RAS Ivan Koltsov, who worked in his time in Kaliningrad there are rich values with a large number (many tens of tons) of gold, silver, amber, precious Continue reading
The architecture of Ancient Greece is the architecture that was created by people who spoke the Greek language (Greek group of dialects), their culture flourished in mainland Greece and the Peloponnese, the Aegean Islands and in colonies in Asia Minor and Italy in the period from approx. 900 BC to I century ad the earliest remaining architectural works Dating to about 600 BC
Ancient Greek architecture is best known for its temples, many of which are located throughout the region, mostly as ruins but many of them have survived virtually intact. Another known type of buildings, Dating from the Hellenic world is the open – air theatre, the oldest of them were created about 350 BC Other surviving architectural forms: monumental arch (propylon), market square, and the place for popular assemblies (Agora), which was surrounded by a multi-tiered colonnade (Stoa), the town Council building (bouleuterion), the public monument, the monumental tomb (mausoleum) and the stadium.
Ancient Greek architecture is distinguished by its highly formalized characteristics in relation to both the structure and the decorations.
This is especially true in the case of temples where each Continue reading