Although the term “Gothic” is most often applied to architectural structures, the Gothic style also included sculpture, painting, book miniature, costume, ornament and so
The origin of the term the Word comes from Italian.
gotico — unusual and barbaric — (Goten — barbarians;
the historical Goths, this style has nothing to do), and was initially used as a profanity.
For the first time the notion in the modern sense used by Giorgio Vasari in order to separate the Renaissance from the middle ages.
Gothic completed the development of European medieval art, which arose on the basis of the achievements of Roman culture and the Renaissance (Renaissance) art of the middle ages was considered “barbaric”.
Gothic art was a cult on purpose and religious topics.
It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.
Gothic in its development is divided into Early Gothic Period Continue reading
Underground structure of the ancient Breakfast
In Bahmal district builders conducting excavation, accidentally discovered fragments of the ancient buildings. This was immediately hastened to inform the Institute of archaeology of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan. It happened in September last year.
Urgently to the place of discovery left the team of specialists from among scientific experts of the Institute. Assumptions were confirmed: indeed, on a hilly upland, near the village Novka where they extracted the raw materials for Usmanskogo brick plant, bucket unexpectedly revealed the foundations of some ancient buildings, but rather an underground passage, which was crossed with an unknown cone-shaped structure, resembling the well. Scientists struck by the fact that the cave was found a single subject of life (fragments of pots, jugs, traces of an ancient hearth, etc.). In the upper part of the walls of the dungeon were seen dredging. As it turned out, they were supported wooden poles, which served as protective elements from landslides. Therefore, during the construction of underground facilities have been used and wood materials. An underground passage was dug manually. In the floodplain, archaeologists discovered and sand.
Further excavations showed that this ancient underground structure was found near the village Novka, it is underground water, there is an underground water system that supplied at the time of the local Continue reading
Secrets of the Kaliningrad underground.
Germany offered to restore the USSR Kaliningrad in exchange for buried treasure.
In the building of the FSB in the region before the war was located Polizei-Presidium capital of East Prussia and the premises of the Gestapo.
In königsberg there were 12 large and three small Fort, and hundreds of concrete and brick shelters.
Many Kaliningraders still believe that there is a “underground Koenigsberg”. Supposedly the whole factories to the railway stations and kilometers of tunnels (leading up to Hitler’s in Poland “Wolfsan”) under the ancient city. Since the beginning of the 50s of the last century there is a legend that Germany offered the Soviet leadership to rebuild Kaliningrad in exchange for the treasures hidden in königsberg under the ground. Search the underground city is still occupied by dozens of enthusiasts.
Member of the Geographical society of RAS Ivan Koltsov, who worked in his time in Kaliningrad there are rich values with a large number (many tens of tons) of gold, silver, amber, precious Continue reading