Although the term “Gothic” is most often applied to architectural structures, the Gothic style also included sculpture, painting, book miniature, costume, ornament and so
The origin of the term the Word comes from Italian.
gotico — unusual and barbaric — (Goten — barbarians;
the historical Goths, this style has nothing to do), and was initially used as a profanity.
For the first time the notion in the modern sense used by Giorgio Vasari in order to separate the Renaissance from the middle ages.
Gothic completed the development of European medieval art, which arose on the basis of the achievements of Roman culture and the Renaissance (Renaissance) art of the middle ages was considered “barbaric”.
Gothic art was a cult on purpose and religious topics.
It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.
Gothic in its development is divided into Early Gothic Period Continue reading
The Cathedral of Notre Dame built by Robert de Luzarches is a true masterpiece of Gothic architecture and also the last in a series of Gothic cathedrals of Ile-de-France, erected in the XIII century. The construction of the Cathedral in Amiens began almost simultaneously with Reims . In 1218 the fire caused by lightning, was destroyed existed here a Cathedral of Romanesque architecture. The first stone in the Foundation of the new temple was laid in 1220, under Bishop Arnaud de La Pierre (he died in 1247 and was buried in the Central chapel of the Cathedral). The builders were Amiens Cathedral Robert de Luzarches, Thomas de and then Cormon and his son Renaud de Cormon. The basis of the project, the builders took the Cathedral in Chartres, somewhat redefining the project.
According to the original plan, the tower of the Cathedral had to be twice as wide and much higher than the existing, but the builders decided to stay lifted up the tower only to half height, why there is a feeling of disharmony. In 1366 started the construction of the tent is over the southern tower. The Northern tower was completed only in the early fifteenth century.
The Amiens Cathedral is impressive for its size. Its length is Continue reading
Vilnius ” Church, monastery church, monastery title: the Church of St. Michael the Archangel design: 1594. 1625. Nave. The interior space looks more like a princely Palace hall decorated, festive and impressive. Barrel vaults with lunettes decorated with a slight relief pattern of symmetric (Rosetta, stylized stars, associated in one lace, here only remind Newburg Gothic arches, being the only decoration). The walls were covered with frescoes. Strongly protruding pilasters with geometric capitals make the interior of the commencement order, single dimensional and the rhythm of his clear articulation. In the outer appearance of the temple also dominated Renaissance features, although some reminiscences of the Gothic style visible, for example in the composition of the side facades with their conforama, narrow high Windows, in General, elongated proportions. The original form has the gable, inscribed between two low towers. the Shrine: the tomb name: Chancellor L. Sapieha design by:
1635. the subject with the image: illustration
devoted to the subject: bibliography
the Church missionaries making: Built mainly to 1730. In
1755 built the five-story tower. Openwork openings in their upper tiers reinforce the impression of lightness and grace.
the Church of St. Bernard stage:
1500. Continue reading