The Gothic structure
In 15-18 centuries a certain period in the development of medieval art. The Romanesque style was supplanted by the Gothic style that was inherent in the craft and trading towns, who wished to achieve independence in feudal circles.
Gothic style is most applicable to architectural structures, but it covers all the other arts. In the 12th century the style originated in the South of France, whence he migrated to England, Germany and other countries. Terasen “neo-Gothic” appears in the era of eclecticism, where works of art are and Gothic elements. In the 1980s Gothic is already a sub-culture, with its principles and concepts.
The Renaissance characterizes mediaeval art as “barbaric”. Hence the very word “Gothic” is a derogatory name the past era art. Over time were identified early, Mature and late milestones of the Gothic as a separate epoch in the art of the Middle ages. Gothic art has found its relationship with the world of irrational forces associated with eternity.
The Cathedral occupied a special position in the culture of the Gothic. had a great impact on the psycho-physical and emotional state not only for its strength and grandeur, but also the internal atmosphere of an enchanted, beautiful stained glass Windows, incomprehensibility to understand something about the world being on the other side.
Cathedrals created in the heyday of the Gothic is a kind of the symbol of the desire of the soul upward to God and heaven; differ sharply from early erected, they become higher, stronger, they felt the dynamics of the worldview of the society and especially the Church. It is the architectural spectacle of the Cathedral is a big step in the construction of new buildings of Basilica type. Cross-rib, the vaulting, Streltsova form arches, the ribs, laid out in a certain order to increase the stability of the framework is the innovation of that day.
The Notre Dame Cathedral is a bright example of the structure of the Gothic era. monumentality, entertainment, a kind of elegance, gazing skyward, create a wonderful, and, if unfinished.
Gothic abstract replaces the former canons of style in the real world of living people; even religious themes are more humanized, with the manifestation of emotions and feelings. The role of secular subjects and subjects very generally increases; from the Romanesque style remains widespread depicted the underworld of monsters – the chimeras .