The great wall of China
The great wall of China
The great wall of China is one of the main attractions of China, symbol of China, familiar to every foreign tourist. But, although the outlines of the great wall is familiar to many pamphlets, atlases and travel guides, history of this wonder of the world know not all.
It’s safe to say that the world no civilized person who has not heard about the eighth wonder of the world – the great Wall of China.
But not every one of us has an idea about what exactly is the great Wall of China.
No, it is not just an ancient, strategically important fortress wall, reaching a length of 10,000 kilometers. Wall – this is China. The wall is the story of a great civilization, its culture and attitude to the world.
During the reign of Qin dynasty (221, 206 BC) Emperor Qin Shi Huang, known as “the unifier of the Chinese earth”, sent about 500 thousand people for construction of the first Wall.
The fact that at that time there was war, known as the “War of the Belligerent States”, and had to erect fortifications against the incursions of neighboring principalities.
The main feature of the construction was that each tower had to be in direct view of two adjacent.
This allowed quickly and without time-consuming to convey messages by fire and smoke.
Three sections of the Wall were built of violet marble. Two are located in the city of Sanyang, one in the mountains of Anyang called Tangshan.
These parts of the wall are known as the most durable and most beautiful, but, unfortunately, access to it is not every tourist.
The second name of the Wall – “wailing wall”. According to the legend, which is known to every Chinese schoolchild, working wife, working in construction, Maine Czarny in the dream was her husband and reported that he died from inhuman loads. Immediately she was ready and went to the place where supposed to be the remains of her husband. But she’s found nothing.
Grieving the girl fell on her knees in prayer to the gods. The gods heard her words, and tears Czarny washed away a section of the Wall, and she saw a smoldering body of her husband. After burying him with full honors, she returned home.
The construction of the second Wall (Han dynasty 206г. on 220до R. H.) caused by constant raids of the Huns, who have been working really hard over the destruction of the building. The restoration of the third Wall (Ming dynasty 1368-1644) was sent a million Chinese.
The last Imperial dynasty of China didn’t need the Wall. Because of the emergence of gunpowder, it simply ceased to be relevant, resulting the destruction of the Walls.
This is a dry historical excerpts. The very idea of energy and feeling great Wall of China can partially get in contact with her.
To be close is already a big miracle.
Admiration and a sense of his own insignificance overwhelm a person when he sees the Wall at a distance of one kilometer.
And when you climb the steps up to the “top” of the tower, overflowing with excitement and joy that words cannot Express.
On the other hand, make the journey quite difficult – sometimes the stairs are so steep that you have to hold hands on the top step.
The wall is a symbol of China. The inscription of Mao TSE Tung, taken at the entrance to the restored part, reads: “If you have not visited the great Wall of China, you’re not a real Chinese”.
The misconception that the Wall is visited by some tourists. Very often it happens that the Chinese themselves there more than traveling. And it’s understandable, to visit the Great Wall of China is the duty of every self-respecting Chinese. Want to feel a part of world culture, come to China!
Around Beijing there are several sections of the wall accessible to tourists. The most interesting non-refurbished section of Simatai.
Renovated and freshly painted part of the Wall produced dismal Hollywood scenery, and I can not believe that all this is here for thousands of years.
Because of the terrible pollution of the atmosphere over the city, Beijing is practically impossible to see the sky. The city is filled with all shades of gray, gray-red, gray-blue, gray-brown. Therefore, the blue sky above Cymatium is perceived almost as a miracle.
when a bus full of tourists pulls up to the Wall, he immediately takes to the ring the crowd of Chinese women middle-aged and older. What unites them all is perhaps the only exclusive external deformity and the desire to make money. Because the Chinese women is clearly greater than us, outside the door of the bus is an ongoing struggle for everyone who dares to enter.
Some time we do not allow driver to open door – the outside world, the smiling toothless smile elderly Chinese woman, does not inspire confidence. Finally, we go out. Chinese women, deftly sorting out little feet, trying to keep up with our European wide step. It turns out that they are guides designed to facilitate and brighten up our recovery.
They point to the Wall and say that it’s a Wall, but this tower, there’s a river, and in front of a high mountain. Because the value of such information is reasonable doubt, we strongly reject their services, but women do not pay attention to it, they circle around in the vain hope of attracting us with their encyclopedic knowledge.
As we climb higher and higher, sadness and disappointment show through more clearly on their shrivelled faces. Finally we turn back. On the descent to them for us clearly not to catch up, the distance between us grows and grows, here and not see behind the Walls bend, and only a cheerful old voice that sends us the last curse, echo mountain echo somewhere far behind.