The tower of Babel, Iraq
The tower of Babel, Iraq
The first mention of Ancient Babylon we find in the opening chapters of the first book of the Bible — Genesis. “The whole earth was of one language and of one speech. And as men migrated from the East, that they found in the land of Shinar plain and dwelt there, and said to each other: come, let us make bricks and burn them thoroughly. And they had brick for stone, and bitumen for mortar. And they said, let us build us a city and a tower, top may reach unto heaven; and let us make us a name, before will rasciesa on the face of the whole earth. And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower… And the Lord said… let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech. And the Lord scattered them abroad from thence upon all the earth; and they stopped building the city. Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the Lord did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the Lord scatter them abroad in all the earth” (Gen. 11:1-9).
Quite a long time, scientists believed the legend about the tower of Babel only a symbolic legend about human arrogance. It was until in the late nineteenth century, the German archaeologists found one hundred kilometers South of Baghdad, the ruins of Babylon.
First, a German archaeologist Robert Koldewey unearthed a wall of mud brick width of 7 meters and a height of 12 meters. At a distance of 12 metres from it the earth was hiding another wall of baked brick wide 8 metres, and behind it was the third wall 3 metres wide, encircling the once deep, bricked the moat.
The space between the first two walls was filled with earth, transformed two walls in one completely impenetrable and impregnable ramparts. On the inner wall every 50 feet there were guard towers. Subsequently, the Koldewey averaged 360 the turrets! Thus, the inner wall of Babylon had a length of 18 miles!
According to Koldewey, the tower of Babel had a square base, each side of which was equal to 90 meters. The tower height was 90 m, the first layer had a height of 33 meters, the second — 18, third and fifth — through 6 meters, the seventh — the sanctuary of the God Marduk was 15 meters high.
The legendary tower of Babel – “the cornerstone of the Temple of heaven and earth” is one of the most prominent buildings of Ancient Babylon. To date only the base remains of this colossal structure. The tower stood on the plain Cahn on the left Bank of the Euphrates.