The Gothic quarter
The Gothic quarter
This medieval quarter, with the most outstanding urban monuments, also called “Cathedral” (Barry de La seu), it has a more funny name “rovell de l OU” (egg yolk).
The quarter, located between the Cathedral and the town Hall, and partially surrounded by the bastions of the Roman walls, is probably the most attractive part of the city. In the beginning of XX century it was called “Gothic” . although the Gothic buildings have survived in other parts of the city. However, this is where the architectural ensemble of buildings stood in perfect harmony and deserved the most attention in this quarter was conducted a number of serious restoration work.
The quarter begins with the Plaza Nova, the oldest area of Barcelona, with which once it was possible to enter the territory of the Roman settlement “Barsine” and which in the XIII century was the most prosperous market town where they sold slaves as well. Here still two Roman towers that were part of the old city wall, which was the only protection of the city until the XIII century. To this period belongs the Bishop’s Palace (Palau Episcopal), which is located to the right of the Roman towers, thereby creating a striking contrast with the modern building of the College of Architects, the exterior frieze designed by Picasso.
Baroque facade of the XVIII century facing the Plaza Nova, should not mislead: actually, this is a very ancient building arose on the foundations of the Roman walls (from which it borrowed one tower). Skilled restorers returned to the building part (on the patio and service the facade facing Carrer del Bisbe Irurita) its original splendor.
To the left of the Roman towers is the former residence of archdeacon Lewis Disply – Casa del Ardiaca (currently there are Historical city archives and Institute of history of Barcelona). This building is probably very old (XI century), but in the following centuries it was rebuilt several times, the result of which formed a harmonious Gothic and Renaissance ensemble. Especially nice inner courtyard with a gallery of low arches, in its centre is a fountain lined with moss.
One of the three facades of the Palace overlooks the famous Bishop street (Carrer del Bisbe Irurita), which is the heart of the Barri Gotic, which runs along the side facade of the Cathedral and comes to the Plaza de San Jaume. Approximately center on this beautiful street spanned by an elegant bridge, that not only is the attraction of the street, but also performs a functional role by joining the Government Palace (Palau de La Generalitat) with the official facade of the House of Canons (Casa dels Canonges). The bridge represents a masterpiece of Gothic art in miniature, was made in 1926, Hans the Rubió. The house of the Canons is a large building of irregular plan, built in the XIV century and recently restored; one of its facades overlooks Carrer paradís. There are several medieval buildings that are open to the public, which, in addition to Catalan and tour center, are the remains of a Roman temple dedicated to Augustus, V. II: four powerful installed on the podium Corinthian columns with the entablature and the architrave. The temple stood on the highest point of the Roman colony “Barsine,” but on top of the mountain Taber (Mons Taber). On the right side of the street Carrer del Bisbe Irurita, in the direction from the Nova Plaza to the Gothic bridge, is a narrow lane leading to a small, cozy and hidden from prying eyes area. This Plaza de San Felip Neri, a quiet area (not least because that find it very difficult and few steps into here), with a modest fountain in the centre and dominates the square simple and strict building of the Church of San Felip Neri, built in the XVIII century the area beyond the building sheltering the Museum of the History of footwear.