Covered with earth, it forms a high hill on top of which in the middle ages
century the chapel was built, gave it a name.
If you walk a little North from town, you can get in the field where
in the grass between the rare pine trees lined up like soldiers on parade,
the rows of menhirs – huge, up to five meters tall, oblong stones,
set vertically. Here 2935 pieces. They are elongated in 13 rows
length of four kilometers. Some of them can be detected
undeciphered still embossed lettering. It is difficult to identify precisely (about it
mentioned above), how many centuries these stone giants were unshakeable
here. The construction of the megaliths in Brittany by archeologists to the bronze age.
The curious tourist can head even further North on
towards the city Oreg. The track will lead him to another sample
megalithic structures – the dolmen of the mané-Kerioned long covered gallery.
Turning to the East, and passing the ruins of an ancient Abbey, curious
the seeker will encounter a number of amazing monuments: the dolmen
de Rodessa, huge and lonely menhir Old mill, the weight of which on
calculations exceeds 200 tonnes, and closer to the town of Plouharnel – new fields
circle of menhirs and cromlechs. The largest of these is the cromlech of Menec
consists of 70 menhirs, a dolmen of others, and has a diameter of almost a hundred
meters. You have to think, not accidental that the words “dolmen” and “cromlech” was formed
of Breton spoken language. “Dol” means politanski table, “chrome”
– circle and “man” and “Lech” – stones.
Of course, the humble Breton menhirs, dolmens and cromlechs can’t go in
the comparison with the Egyptian pyramids or the famous ancient temples
extant. But looking at these stone monuments left behind
eternity of civilizations, one cannot help asking: how could the people in those
far from us the time to move huge blocks of stone and piling of
them such magnificent buildings?
Fig.4. French megalith
The drawings preserved in the little Museum of prehistoric culture in
Karnak show how presumably the builders constructed the megaliths:
hundreds of people moved on the rollers stone blocks with leverage, and
ropes, lifted them and installed vertically. We assume that all
was exactly, as the creators of Karnak Museum, but it remains without
answer another question: why were these structures built?
Excavations seems to have proved that dolmens and cromlechs
were places of religious ceremonies and burials of the dead. The desire
to create a dead solid “eternal” home was common to many cultures
different continents of our planet. However, supporters
“burial ritual” of hypotheses somehow do not mind the fact that in
the vast majority of megalithic circles, cromlechs, dolmens and other
structures not found any burials. Many researchers explain
it’s the fact that these burials were robbed in antiquity. But really
the megalith builders were so naive not to anticipate this
opportunities? After all, the most famous megalithic structures –
completely open construction, not having any protective
devices or fixtures.
Thus, we can state that during all the time of the study of megaliths
archaeological methods “information the catch” turned out to be insignificant.
At the same time, it should be noted that the completely unexpected
the results of the study of megaliths is still” in the early twentieth century were
received. astronomers. It is worth mentioning the study of such English
scientists as N. Lockyer, A. and J. Tom. Wood and the American Dzh. Hawkins,
who began to study the megaliths from the point of view of archaeological-astronomical
hypothesis. Listed researchers have identified a number of megalithic
structures that were used for astronomical observations of the moon and
The sun, often a very difficult and long.
For example, it is proved that the vertically set stones could
to play the role of vizier, which allowed to fix the points of sunrise and sunset
The sun and moon in the days of the solstices and equinoxes. However,
“astronomical” hypothesis in relation to the megaliths not recognized by all
scientists. Her critics, in particular, note that in such a “rich”
megalithic terrain objects such as, for example, the French
Karnak, if you wish, you can pick up a lot of those or other lines that
will be “tagging” some of located here the old stones.
On the other hand, if we recognize the astronomical hypothesis is correct, then
the following remains unclear: why are the ancient creators of the megaliths were performed