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SEVEN WONDERS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD
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Megalithic structures

 

Covered with earth, it forms a high hill on top of which in the middle ages

century the chapel was built, gave it a name.

If you walk a little North from town, you can get in the field where

in the grass between the rare pine trees lined up like soldiers on parade,

the rows of menhirs – huge, up to five meters tall, oblong stones,

set vertically. Here 2935 pieces. They are elongated in 13 rows

length of four kilometers. Some of them can be detected

undeciphered still embossed lettering. It is difficult to identify precisely (about it

mentioned above), how many centuries these stone giants were unshakeable

here. The construction of the megaliths in Brittany by archeologists to the bronze age.

The curious tourist can head even further North on

towards the city Oreg. The track will lead him to another sample

megalithic structures – the dolmen of the mané-Kerioned long covered gallery.

Turning to the East, and passing the ruins of an ancient Abbey, curious

the seeker will encounter a number of amazing monuments: the dolmen

de Rodessa, huge and lonely menhir Old mill, the weight of which on

calculations exceeds 200 tonnes, and closer to the town of Plouharnel – new fields

circle of menhirs and cromlechs. The largest of these is the cromlech of Menec

consists of 70 menhirs, a dolmen of others, and has a diameter of almost a hundred

meters. You have to think, not accidental that the words “dolmen” and “cromlech” was formed

of Breton spoken language. “Dol” means politanski table, “chrome”

– circle and “man” and “Lech” – stones.

Of course, the humble Breton menhirs, dolmens and cromlechs can’t go in

the comparison with the Egyptian pyramids or the famous ancient temples

extant. But looking at these stone monuments left behind

eternity of civilizations, one cannot help asking: how could the people in those

far from us the time to move huge blocks of stone and piling of

them such magnificent buildings?

Fig.4. French megalith

The drawings preserved in the little Museum of prehistoric culture in

Karnak show how presumably the builders constructed the megaliths:

hundreds of people moved on the rollers stone blocks with leverage, and

ropes, lifted them and installed vertically. We assume that all

was exactly, as the creators of Karnak Museum, but it remains without

answer another question: why were these structures built?

SOME HYPOTHESES

Excavations seems to have proved that dolmens and cromlechs

were places of religious ceremonies and burials of the dead. The desire

to create a dead solid “eternal” home was common to many cultures

different continents of our planet. However, supporters

“burial ritual” of hypotheses somehow do not mind the fact that in

the vast majority of megalithic circles, cromlechs, dolmens and other

structures not found any burials. Many researchers explain

it’s the fact that these burials were robbed in antiquity. But really

the megalith builders were so naive not to anticipate this

opportunities? After all, the most famous megalithic structures –

completely open construction, not having any protective

devices or fixtures.

Thus, we can state that during all the time of the study of megaliths

archaeological methods “information the catch” turned out to be insignificant.

At the same time, it should be noted that the completely unexpected

the results of the study of megaliths is still” in the early twentieth century were

received. astronomers. It is worth mentioning the study of such English

scientists as N. Lockyer, A. and J. Tom. Wood and the American Dzh. Hawkins,

who began to study the megaliths from the point of view of archaeological-astronomical

hypothesis. Listed researchers have identified a number of megalithic

structures that were used for astronomical observations of the moon and

The sun, often a very difficult and long.

For example, it is proved that the vertically set stones could

to play the role of vizier, which allowed to fix the points of sunrise and sunset

The sun and moon in the days of the solstices and equinoxes. However,

“astronomical” hypothesis in relation to the megaliths not recognized by all

scientists. Her critics, in particular, note that in such a “rich”

megalithic terrain objects such as, for example, the French

Karnak, if you wish, you can pick up a lot of those or other lines that

will be “tagging” some of located here the old stones.

On the other hand, if we recognize the astronomical hypothesis is correct, then

the following remains unclear: why are the ancient creators of the megaliths were performed

What are megaliths?
What are megaliths? The word megalith in the literal Greek means "big stone". Precisely this term was proposed in 1849 by English scientist A. Herbert to refer to prehistoric structures…

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