The Gothic Cathedral
Although the term “Gothic” is most often applied to architectural structures, the Gothic style also included sculpture, painting, book miniature, costume, ornament and so
The origin of the term the Word comes from Italian.
gotico — unusual and barbaric — (Goten — barbarians;
the historical Goths, this style has nothing to do), and was initially used as a profanity.
For the first time the notion in the modern sense used by Giorgio Vasari in order to separate the Renaissance from the middle ages.
Gothic completed the development of European medieval art, which arose on the basis of the achievements of Roman culture and the Renaissance (Renaissance) art of the middle ages was considered “barbaric”.
Gothic art was a cult on purpose and religious topics.
It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.
Gothic in its development is divided into Early Gothic Period flourishing of Late Gothic Architecture the Gothic style mainly manifested in the architecture of temples, cathedrals, churches, monasteries.
Developed on the basis of the Romanesque, or rather Burgundian architecture.
Unlike the Romanesque style with its round arches, massive walls and small Windows, typical of Gothic arches with a pointed top, a narrow and high towers and columns, the richly decorated facade with carved details (winery, tympanum, archivolt) and multicolor stained glass Lancet Windows All of the elements of style contribute to the vertical of Artbutn — outdoor stone semi-arch that transfers the force of the horizontal thrust from the vaults construction of a pole located outside the main volume of the building – Concho PC vertical design, which is either the protruding portion of the wall, vertical edge, or free-standing support associated with the wall were added.
The buttress is designed to enhance load-bearing wall by making a horizontal force of thrust from the vaults.
Features of the VI architecture mperg is a pointed gable on the portals and window openings are Gothic buildings.
As a rule, were crowned cresciuto m, often decorated with carvings, Crabbe and other decorative elements.
Archivo of LT — framing arched doorways that emit an arc of the arch from the plane of the wall.
The tympanum in architecture — the internal field of the pediment.
More frequently decorated with sculptures, paintings, or mosaic image of any religious (or otherwise) of the plot.
Vitra W — work of fine decorative art or ornamental nature made of colored glass, designed for through-lighting and designed to fill the opening, most often a window, in any architectural structure.
Rib in the architecture of the protruding edge of the frame of a Gothic cross vault.
Post-abutment – beam columns or one section, holding the ribs.
Rose TKA, the rose TTA architecture is the motif of the ornament in the form of petals of a blossoming flower or a few leaves, similar in shape, located symmetrically and radially from the core, similar to the Botanical ow outlet.
In Gothic ornament took the form of a circular rose window, which became the hallmark of Gothic architecture.
It is difficult to find the right words to describe impressions from the Gothic Cathedral.
They are high and reach for the sky endless arrows of towers and turrets, visperhof, finials, pointed arches.
But more striking is not so much the height as the richness of aspects that open when you circle around the Cathedral.
In short, the Gothic Cathedral is the world.
The Cathedral is not only the beauty, which we cannot but admire.
Even if you are not instruction, which should be followed, then, in any case, this is the book you need to understand.
The Gothic portal of the Cathedral is the Bible.
Symbolizing the Earth and Sky, the Gothic Cathedral contained in itself and all human life from birth to death.
The Gothic cathedrals of Europe, St. Stephen’s Cathedral.
Vienna, Austria Stephansdom (St Stephen’s Cathedral), located in the heart of Vienna, has survived many wars and is now the symbol of the freedom of the city .
The Gothic Cathedral stands on the ruins of two previous churches.
Its construction was largely initiated in the 14th century by the Duke of Austria Rudolf IV.
And the most recognizable feature of the Cathedral – tiled roof depicting the national emblem and coat of arms of the city of Vienna, was only added in 1952.
Burgos, Spain the Cathedral of Burgos (Burgos Cathedral) – medieval Cathedral in the same city, dedicated to the virgin Mary.
It is famous for its vast size and unique Gothic architecture.
The construction of the Cathedral began in 1221, and after a long break of almost two centuries was completed in 1567.
In 1919 the Cathedral became the burial place of the national hero of Spain Rodrigo díaz de Vivar (El CID the Kampeadorom) and his wife Jimena díaz.
Reims, France Reims Cathedral (Reims Cathedral) is a place in which they were officially crowned numerous French monarchs.
He built on the site of the Basilica where once (approximately 496 year) Holy Remy was baptized Clovis I – one of the greatest politicians of his time.
The construction of the Cathedral was completed by the end of the 13th century.
Exceptionally large and complex Gothic Cathedral on the main square of Milan is one of the most famous buildings in Europe.
This is one of the largest Gothic cathedrals in the world.
Construction began in 1386 under the patronage of Archbishop Antonio da Saluzzo in a late Gothic style more typical of France. than Italy .
It’s been five centuries before the construction was completed.
The Cathedral of Milan.
Milan, Italy Notre Dame De Paris.
Paris, France Cologne Cathedral.
Cologne, Germany the Cologne Cathedral is the most famous symbol of the city.
Its height 157,4 meters.
The famous Cathedral stands on the spot where in the 4th century was located a Roman temple.
The construction of the Gothic Cathedral began in 1248 and lasted, with interruptions more than 600 years.