Megaliths: the mystery of the stone giants
In Southeast Asia, North Africa, Spain, the coasts of France and England and in many other places towering strange construction of the huge boulders. Scientists call them megaliths. It’s a giant, roughly-worked blocks of stone weighing several hundred tons. The megaliths or standing separately from each other, and then they are called menhirs, or form complex structures – dolmens and cromlechs. Giant blocks are not fastened by any cementing substance, but they are so carefully fitted that they cannot put even the blade of a penknife. On the mystery of megaliths scientists struggle for a very long time, but the basic questions still remain unanswered.
It is noticed that the megaliths tend to be sea coasts, and the farther from the sea, the smaller buildings. The most famous megalithic monuments located near the French town of Carnac on the southern Brittany coast. The main attraction of Karnak is a huge megalith, bearing the name of St. Michael. According to researchers, this structure initially served as a burial vault. Later, the megalith was covered with earth, and the top formed on its hilltop location in the Middle ages the chapel was erected.
And to the North of the town of field is located at 2935 huge menhirs height Continue reading
The architecture of the Palace of Soviets (part 4 – the Ancient East has left us huge constructions. )
The ancient East has left us a huge buildings like pyramids, temples, palaces in which the forms that suppress human rights, has found its vivid expression of the social structure of ancient despotism, the system of slavery, a system of intimidation of human rights. Architectural ensembles and monumental buildings of Greek antiquity created by the ancient democracy of the heyday of the Athenian state. The Acropolis and its constituent temples, including the Parthenon, represented the brilliant examples of architecture, imbued with a deep sense of nature and man, thin plastics architectural and sculptural forms. These samples were studied the architecture of all subsequent centuries. These samples are of great interest and instructive to us.
However, even these architectural works of antiquity bear the features of the limited class, of which I have spoken. Ancient democracy was developed on the basis of the slave economy. Only a limited proportion of the people, the so-called free citizens of the ancient States, to participate in public life, create cultural values and use them. The nature of the social system of ancient Greece is reflected throughout the ancient culture.
More sharply this inner inherent limitations of classical culture, had an impact in Rome. Largest state Continue reading
Track prehistoric carts
Among other merits before history, the Maltese archipelago is world famous for the fact that the most ancient man-made structures on Earth are located here. This is the megalithic temples.
The person who first confronted with such prehistoric monuments, raises a number of questions: what is the churches, how many are they, where are they located, what purpose was built? Let’s start with the basics, what is the megalith at all? In fact, it is every religious building of the huge raw or semi-processed stone blocks, which include dolmens (funerary box, covered with a massive flat slab), and menhirs (single standing stones) and cromlechs (circular fence). Maltese megaliths are dolmens. The most famous stone circles on the planet are Stonehenge (England) and Carnac (France, not to be confused with Egyptian temple complex), but the construction of the ancient Maltese, in addition, they are distinguished “accuracy” – more than twenty temple complexes located on the territory, comparable to a small European city.
What they have in common? – the material, design features (e.g., login form), in many cases, and similar architectural form, resembling the petals of a flower. Some temples are rather primitive, probably not all the details have survived, while others, on the contrary, are of special ornament and decorated with carvings, for example Continue reading